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Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences

Veterinary bacteriology: information about important bacteria
Veterinary bacteriology


Species/Subspecies: Corynebacterium renale
Etymology: Genus name: club-shaped bakterium (bacterium means small rod).
Species epithet: refers to the kidneys.
Significance:  [Important]   
Taxonomy:
Phylum
Actinobacteria
Class
Actinobacteria
Order
Corynebacteriales
Family
Corynebacteriaceae 
Genus
Corynebacterium
Type Strain: ATCC 19412 = CCUG 27542 = NCTC 7448.
Macromorphology (smell): Small yellowish opaque colonies. Give no hemolysis at blood agar.
Micromorphology: Nonmotile straight or curved rods (0.3-0.8 x 1-8 µm). Form ramified aggregates, which look like chineese letters).
Gram +/Gram -:G+
Metabolism: Facultatively anaerobic
Catalase/Oxidase:+/-
Other Enzymes: Esculinase -, hippuricase +, urease +.
Biochemical Tests: Methyl red +.
Fermentation of carbohydrates:
D-glucoselactosemaltoseL-rhamnosesucrose
+-v--
L-arabinosecellobioseD-mannitolsalicintrehalose
-??-v
glycerolinulinraffinoseD-sorbitolstarch
??-?-
Fructose +, mannose +, xylose -.
Spec. Char.:
Disease:Cystitis, pyelonephritis, pizzle (or sheath) rot.
Hosts: Cattle, sheep
Clinical Picture:
16S rRNA Seq.:
Acc-noStrainNumber of NTOperon
M29553 (T) 1 366  

Taxonomy/phylogeny:
 
176 species and 13 subspecies are described within the genus Corynebacterium. However, not all names have been approved yet and some species have been affiliated to another genus. The genus Corynebacterium is closely related to the genera Mycobacterium, Nocardia, Rhodococcus and Crossiella.
Updated:2020-10-15

News

The revised taxonomy of the mollicutes

The revised taxonomy of mollicutes (mycoplasmas) has now been introduced on VetBact, which means that many of the species have been given new genus names or moved to another higher taxon. 

Published 2021-11-25. Read more...

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