|Etymology:||Genus name: named after the French bacteriologist Amédée Borrel.|
Species epithet: named after the Swedish dermatologist Arvid Afzelius (1857-1923), who first described "erythema migrans" at a dermatology congress in Stockholm in 1909.
|Alternative Species Name(s):||Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato|
|Type Strain:||VS461 = ATCC 51567|
|Micromorphology:||Spiral shaped (0.2-0.3 x 20-30 µm), motile and has endoflagella (axial filament)|
|Gram +/Gram -:||G-, difficult to stain|
||Ixodes sp. (tick)|
|Disease:||Lyme borreliosis (Lyme disease)
|16S rRNA Seq.:|
||About 40 different species have been described within the genus Borrelia and about half of these (among others B. afzelii and B. garinii ave been affiliated to B. burgdorferi sensu lato, which means B. burgdorferi in a wider sense. B. burgdorferi sensu stricto, in this context, means only the species B. burgdorferi.|
|The revised taxonomy of the mollicutes|
The revised taxonomy of mollicutes (mycoplasmas) has now been introduced on VetBact, which means that many of the species have been given new genus names or moved to another higher taxon.Published 2021-11-25. Read more...