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Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences

Veterinary bacteriology: information about important bacteria
Veterinary bacteriology


Species/Subspecies: Actinomyces bovis
Etymology: Genus name: Greek actino ray, mykes fungus (referring to the radiating appearance of microcolonies).
Species epithet: of the ox.
Significance:  [Important]   
Taxonomy:
Phylum
Actinobacteria
Class
Actinobacteria
Order
Actinomycetales
Family
Actinomycetaceae 
Genus
Actinomyces
Type Strain: ATCC 13683 = CCUG 31996 = NCTC 11535
Macromorphology (smell): Small opaque colonies (0.5-1 mm in diameter).
Micromorphology: Small bent and nonmotile rod (diameter: 0.2-1.0 µm), sometimes branching filaments up to 50 µm
Gram +/Gram -:G+
Metabolism: Facultatively anaerobic, prefers 10-15% CO2
Catalase/Oxidase:-/-
Other Enzymes: DNase +, hippuricase -, tryptophanase -, urease -
Biochemical Tests: Methyl red +, Voges-Proskauer -
Fermentation of carbohydrates:
D-glucoselactosemaltoseL-rhamnosesucrose
+v+-+
L-arabinosecellobioseD-mannitolsalicintrehalose
-----
glycerolinulinraffinoseD-sorbitolstarch
----(+)
Other carbohydrates: Xylose -
Spec. Char.: Temperature optimum: 35-37°C
Disease:Lumpy jaw in cattle and horses.
Hosts: Cattle, horses
Clinical Picture:
16S rRNA Seq.:
Acc-noStrainNumber of NTOperon
X53224 (T) 1367  

Taxonomy/phylogeny:
 
The genus Actinomyces is composed of about 40 species, which are related to the genera Actinobaculum and Trueperella.
Comment:Slow growing (visible growth on blood agar in 48-72 hours), type species for the genus
Reference(s): No. 96
Updated:2017-05-10

News

The revised taxonomy of the mollicutes

The revised taxonomy of mollicutes (mycoplasmas) has now been introduced on VetBact, which means that many of the species have been given new genus names or moved to another higher taxon. 

Published 2021-11-25. Read more...

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