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Veterinary bacteriology: information about important bacteria
Veterinary bacteriology


Species/Subspecies: Lactobacillus plantarum subsp. plantarum
Etymology: Genus name: small rod from milk.
Species epithet: of plants.
Significance:  [Of minor importance]   
Taxonomy:
Phylum
Firmicutes
Class
Bacilli
Order
Lactobacillales
Family
Lactobacillaceae 
Genus
Lactobacillus
Type Strain: ATCC 14917 = CCUG 30503
Macromorphology (smell):
Micromorphology: Straight non-motile rods (0.9-1.2 x 3-8 µm) with rounded ends. The rods appear singly, in pairs or as short chains.
Gram +/Gram -:G+
Metabolism: Aerotolerant. Ferments various carbohydrates to lactate and acetate.
Catalase/Oxidase:-/-
Other Enzymes: Esculinase +
Fermentation of carbohydrates:
D-glucoselactosemaltoseL-rhamnosesucrose
????+
L-arabinosecellobioseD-mannitolsalicintrehalose
v++?+
glycerolinulinraffinoseD-sorbitolstarch
??++?
Other carbohydrates: Ribose +, xylose v.
Spec. Char.:
Disease:Not pathogenic
Hosts: An environmental bacterium, which may be found on vegetables and fruit as well as in the gastrointestinal tract in animals and humans.
Clinical Picture:
Genome Sequence:
Acc-noStrainSize (bp)Genome
NC_004567 WCFS1 3 308 274  

16S rRNA Seq.:
Acc-noStrainNumber of NTOperon
D79210 (T) 1519 

Taxonomy/phylogeny:
 
Genus Lactobacillus is rather big and more than 200 species have been described. They are relatively close to species within genus Enterococcus and genus Bacillus.
Comment:Considered to strengthen the intestinal mucosa and is therefore used as probioticum. L. plantarum is an important bacterium in the process that leads to fermented vegetables.
Reference(s): No. 73
Updated:2018-11-29

News

The revised taxonomy of the mollicutes

The revised taxonomy of mollicutes (mycoplasmas) has now been introduced on VetBact, which means that many of the species have been given new genus names or moved to another higher taxon. 

Published 2021-11-25. Read more...

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