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Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences

Veterinary bacteriology: information about important bacteria
Veterinary bacteriology


Species/Subspecies: Fusobacterium equinum
Etymology: Genus name: small spindle shaped rod.
Species epithet: of horses.
Significance:  [Of minor importance]   
Taxonomy:
Phylum
Fusobacteria
Class
Fusobacteriia
Order
Fusobacteriales
Family
Fusobacteriaceae 
Genus
Fusobacterium
Type Strain: VPB 4027 = NCTC 13176.
Macromorphology (smell):
Micromorphology: Pleomorphic rods (coccoid to rod shaped).
Gram +/Gram -:G-
Catalase/Oxidase:-/?
Other Enzymes: Esculinase -, lipase +, Tryptophanase + (= indole +).
Spec. Char.:
Disease:Necrotizing pneumonia, pleuritis and paraoral infections.
Hosts: Horse
Clinical Picture:
Virulence Factors: F. equinum produces a leucotoxin.
16S rRNA Seq.:
Acc-noStrainNumber of NTOperon
AJ295750 (T) 1472  

Taxonomy/phylogeny:
 
Within the genus Fusobacteria, 14 species have been described and 2 of these are divided into 7 sub-species. Fusobacteria are related to genus Streptobacillus, but the latter belongs to another family, namely Leptotrichiaceae.
Comment:Opportunist, which exists in the normal intestinal flora of the horse.
Updated:2016-08-30

News

The revised taxonomy of the mollicutes

The revised taxonomy of mollicutes (mycoplasmas) has now been introduced on VetBact, which means that many of the species have been given new genus names or moved to another higher taxon. 

Published 2021-11-25. Read more...

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