Veterinary bacteriology: information about important bacteria
|Category:||Primarily of interest in human medicin|
|Etymology:||Genus name: a cloac.|
Species epithet: of trachoma.
|Type Strain:||A/Har-13 (Trachoma type A strain HAR-13) = ATCC VR-571B.|
|Macromorphology (smell):||Does only grow intracellularly and can, therfore, not be cultivated on artificial substrates.|
|Micromorphology:||Outside the host cell: infectious elementary bodies (0.2-0.3 µm).
Within the host cell: non-infectious reticulate bodies (0.8-1.0 µm). C. trachomatis is non-motile.
|Gram +/Gram -:||G-, difficult to gram stain.|
|Metabolism:||Aerobic, but members of the family Chlamydiaceae have only limited resources to to synthesize their own ATP. Therefore, they can ingest ATP from the host cell.|
|Disease:||Arthritis, conjunctivitis, pneumonia. genital infections (STD), trachoma
|16S rRNA Seq.:|
||Species within the family Chlamydiaceae were previously (1999) divided into two genera Chlamydia and Chlamydophila. However, the differences between these two genera were not that great and many research groups have not accepted this division. Therefore, the genus Chlamydophila has been returned (2015) to the genus Chlamydia. See the references below.|
|Comment:||Strictly intracellular. The cell envelope contains cystein rich proteins and only a small amount of peptidoglycans.|
|Reference(s):||No. 68, 140, 177|
|Links:||The comprehensive reference and education wiki on Chlamydia and the Chlamydiales, Klamydia-föreläsning|