|Categories:||Causes hemolysis; primarily of interest in human medicin|
|Etymology:||Genus name: twisted (like a chain) coccus (coccus means a grain or a berry and referrs to any sperical microorganism)|
Species epithet: pus-producing
|Type Strain:||ATCC 12344 = CCUG 4207 and 12701 = NCTC 8198.|
|Macromorphology (smell):||Small (approximately 1 mm in diameter) transluscent colonies after incubation for 24 h at 37°C on blood agar. Give (clear) beta-hemolysis on blood agar.|
|Micromorphology:||Nonmotile cocci (0.5-1.0 µm in diameter) in short chains. Also occur in pairs|
|Gram +/Gram -:||G+|
|Other Enzymes:||Coagulase -, esculinase v, hippuricase -, urease -|
|Biochemical Tests:||Voges-Proskauer -|
|Fermentation of carbohydrates:||
Other carbohydrates: amygdalin -, ribose -
|Spec. Char.:||Optimal growth temperature: 37°C.|
|Disease:||Tonsillitis and pharyngitis (strep throat), scarlet fever, impetigo, etc. in humans. May cause mastitis in cattle.
|Virulence Factors:||Capsule (composed of hyaluronic acid), invasins, toxins, etc.|
|16S rRNA Seq.:|
||About 100 species have been described within the genus Streptococcus. Many species within the genus Enterococcus have earlier been classified as streptococci and, thus, they are closely related. S. pyogenes is closely related to S. canis.|
|Comment:||Belongs to Lancefield's group A streptcocci.
Some particularly aggresive strains of S. pyogenes are sometimes kalled "flesh eating bacteria".
Staphylococcus aureus is also causing impetigo in humans.
|Dissertation with bacteriological connection|
On Friday, November 24, at 09:15 Madeleine Moazzami defends her thesis with the title: "Foodborne bacteria in slaughterhouses with focus on cleaning and disinfection". The defense takes place in Lennart Kennes hall, BioCentrum, campus Ultuna. All interested parties are welcome to attend.Published 2023-11-20. Read more...