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Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences

Veterinary bacteriology: information about important bacteria
Veterinary bacteriology


Species/Subspecies: Staphylococcus aureus subsp. anaerobius
Category: Causes hemolysis
Etymology: Genus name: bunch of grape-like cocci (coccus means a grain or berry)
Species epithet: golden
Subspecies epithet: does not live in the presence of air (i.e. anaerobic)
Significance:  [Of minor importance]   
Taxonomy:
Phylum
Firmicutes
Class
Bacilli
Order
Bacillales
Family
Staphylococcaceae 
Genus
Staphylococcus
Type Strain: MVF-7 = ATCC 35844 = CCUG 37246.
Macromorphology (smell): Gives hemolysis on blood agar. Produces no pigment.
Micromorphology: Non-mobile cocci (0.8-1.0 µm in diameter), which occur in pairs or individually.
Gram +/Gram -:G+
Metabolism: Anaerobic
Catalase/Oxidase:-/-
Other Enzymes: Coagulase +, DNase +
Fermentation of carbohydrates:
D-glucoselactosemaltoseL-rhamnosesucrose
+-+-+
L-arabinosecellobioseD-mannitolsalicintrehalose
-----
glycerolinulinraffinoseD-sorbitolstarch
----?
Other carbohydrates: Galactose -, mannose -.
Spec. Char.:
Disease:Abscess disease of sheep and goats.
Hosts: Sheep, goat and man
Clinical Picture: Abscesses in the superficial lymph nodes
16S rRNA Seq.:
Acc-noStrainNumber of NTOperon
D83355 ATCC 35844T 1 476  

Taxonomy/phylogeny:
 
About 70 species and subspecies have been described within the genus Staphylococcus. S. aureus subsp. anaerobius is as the name implies closely related to S. aureus subsp, aureus.
Comment:Have mutations in the cat A and katB genes, resulting in a non-functional catalase
Reference(s): No. 91
Updated:2015-11-27

News

The revised taxonomy of the mollicutes

The revised taxonomy of mollicutes (mycoplasmas) has now been introduced on VetBact, which means that many of the species have been given new genus names or moved to another higher taxon. 

Published 2021-11-25. Read more...

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