Veterinary bacteriology: information about important bacteria
|Etymology:||Genus name: between other mycoplasmas (fungus shaped).|
Species epithet: from the pig nose.
|Alternative Species Name(s):||Mycoplasma hyorhinis|
|Type Strain:||BTS7 = ATCC 17981 = NCTC 10130.|
||Forms small and atypical colonies, which lack a clearly defined nipple (no "fried egg appearance") and should be observed in a microscope.|
|Micromorphology:||Very small and pleomorphic.|
|Gram +/Gram -:||G-, but is normally not gram stained since the cells are fragile and fragmented by this staining method.|
|Fermentation of carbohydrates:||Glucose +|
|Spec. Char.:||Optimal growth temperature: 37°C.|
|16S rRNA Seq.:|
||About 15 species have been described within the genus Mesomycoplasma. Mesomycoplasma hyorhinis is closely related to M. dispar, M. ovipneumoniae, M. hyopneumoniae as well as M. flocculare.
Note that the letter M in the phylogenetic tree (Fig. 37:2) can mean Mycoplasma, Mesomycoplasma, Metamycoplasma, Mycoplasmoides or Mycoplasmopsis.
|Comment:||Based on whole genome sequencing, the taxonomy of mycoplasmas has recently undergone a comprehensive revision. The new taxonomy has now been introduced in VetBact, but it will still be possible to search for the alternative species names. Read more about the revised taxonomy of the mollicutes under the Term list of VetBact and see reference 164 below..
M. hyorhinis is often found as a contaminant of cell cultures.
|Reference(s):||No. 164, 170|