|Etymology:||Genus name: cloac loving. |
Species epithet: of flocks of sheep or herds of cattle.
|Significance:||[Of minor importance]|
|Alternative Species Name(s):||Chlamydia pecorum|
|Type Strain:||Bo/E58 = ATCC VR-628|
|Macromorphology (smell):||Outside the host cell: infectious elementary bodies (0.2-0.3 µm).
Within the host cell: non-infectious reticulate bodies (0.8-1.0 µm).
|Micromorphology:||Outside the host cell: infectious elementary bodies (0.2-0.3 µm).
Within the host cell: non-infectious reticulate bodies (0.8-1.0 µm). Non-motile.
|Gram +/Gram -:||G-, difficult to gram stain.|
|Metabolism:||Aerobic, but members of the family Chlamydiaceae have only limited resources to to synthesize their own ATP. Therefore, they can ingest ATP from the host cell.|
Pig: enteritis and arthritis.
Koalas: urogenital infections.
|Hosts:||Ruminants, pig and koalas.|
|16S rRNA Seq.:|
||Five species have been described within genus Chlamydia and six species have been described within genus Chlamydophila. Species within the family Chlamydiaceae form two relatively distinct clusters and have, therefore, been divided into two genera Chlamydia and Chlamydophila. However, some research groups have not accepted this, but include all species within genus Chlamydia.|
|Comment:||Members of the family Chlamydiaceae are obligately intracellular. The cell envelope contains cystein rich proteins and only a small amount of peptidoglycans.|
|Links:||The comprehensive reference and education wiki on Chlamydia and the Chlamydiales, Klamydia-föreläsning|
|The revised taxonomy of the mollicutes|
The revised taxonomy of mollicutes (mycoplasmas) has now been introduced on VetBact, which means that many of the species have been given new genus names or moved to another higher taxon.Published 2021-11-25. Read more...