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Veterinary bacteriology: information about important bacteria
Veterinary bacteriology


Species/Subspecies: Staphylococcus delphini
Etymology: Genus name: bunch of grape-like cocci (coccus means a grain or berry)
Species epithet: of a dolphin.
Significance:  [Of minor importance]   
Taxonomy:
Phylum
Firmicutes
Class
Bacilli
Order
Bacillales
Family
Staphylococcaceae 
Genus
Staphylococcus
Type Strain: Heidy = ATCC 49171 = CCUG 30107 = NCTC 12225.
Macromorphology (smell): The colonies är medium sized (5-7 mm in diameter) and have a hemolysis zone. They are nonpigmented, convexa, glistening and opaque.
Micromorphology: Cocci (0.8-1.0 µm in diameter), which appear singly, in pairs or in clusters.
Gram +/Gram -:
Metabolism: Fakultatively anaerobic
Catalase/Oxidase:+/-
Other Enzymes: Coagulase +, urease +.
Fermentation of carbohydrates:
D-glucoselactosemaltoseL-rhamnosesucrose
++??+
L-arabinosecellobioseD-mannitolsalicintrehalose
-?+?-
glycerolinulinraffinoseD-sorbitolstarch
?????
Acid is also produced from fructose and mannose.
Spec. Char.:
Reservoir: Mustelidae (e.g. minks, weasels etc.)
Disease:S. delphini has been isolated from aquarium-raised dolphins with skin lesions. The bacterium has also been isolated from horses and is suspected to cause infections.
Hosts: Dolphin, horse
Clinical Picture:
16S rRNA Seq.:
Acc-noStrainNumber of NTOperon
AB009938  ATCC 49171T 1493  

Taxonomy/phylogeny:
 
About 70 species and subspecies have been described within the genus Staphylococcus. S. delphini is closely related to S. pseudintermedius, S. intermedius and S. schleiferi.
Comment:S. delphini can be difficult to differentiate from S. pseudintermedius.
Updated:2015-11-27

News

The revised taxonomy of the mollicutes

The revised taxonomy of mollicutes (mycoplasmas) has now been introduced on VetBact, which means that many of the species have been given new genus names or moved to another higher taxon. 

Published 2021-11-25. Read more...

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