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Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences

Veterinary bacteriology: information about important bacteria
Veterinary bacteriology


Species/Subspecies: Staphylococcus hyicus subsp. (hyicus)
Etymology: Genus name: bunch of grape-like cocci (coccus means a grain or berry)
Species epithet: of pig
(Subspecies epithet: see Species epithet)
Significance:  [Very important]   
Old Species Name(s):Staphylococcus hyicus subsp. hyicus
Taxonomy:
Phylum
Firmicutes
Class
Bacilli
Order
Bacillales
Family
Staphylococcaceae 
Genus
Staphylococcus
Type Strain: D. Sompolinsky no 1 = ATCC 11249 = NCTC 10350.
Macromorphology (smell):
Staphylococcus hyicus  Staphylococcus hyicus  
Medium sized (1-3 mm in diameter), white and opaque colonies, giving no hemolysis on blood agar.
Micromorphology: Cocci in clusters
Gram +/Gram -:
Staphylococcus hyicus  
G+
Metabolism: Facultatively anaerobic
Catalase/Oxidase:+/-
Other Enzymes: Coagulase V (with rabbit plasma and horse plasma)
Biochemical Tests: Voges-Proskauer -
Fermentation of carbohydrates:
Staphylococcus hyicus  
D-glucoselactosemaltoseL-rhamnosesucrose
++--+
L-arabinosecellobioseD-mannitolsalicintrehalose
----+
glycerolinulinraffinoseD-sorbitolstarch
+?-??
Other carbohydrates: Mannose +.
Spec. Char.:
Disease:Exudative epidermitis or greasy pig disease.
Hosts: Pig (usually suckling pig), cattle.
Clinical Picture: Black coatings, which begins on the head and which ultimately may cover the entire body. Leads to dehydration and relatively high mortality.
Genome Sequence:
Acc-noStrainSize (bp)Genome
CP008747.1 ATCC 11249T 2 472 129 1l + 0 

16S rRNA Seq.:
Acc-noStrainNumber of NTOperon
D83368 ATCC 11249T 1 476 

Taxonomy/phylogeny:
Staphylococcus hyicus  
About 70 species and subspecies have been desribed within the genus Staphylococcus. S. hyicus is closely related to S. chromogenes as well as S. intermedius, S. pseudintermedius, S. delphini,S. schleiferi and S. felis.
Updated:2015-12-09

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