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Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences

Veterinary bacteriology: information about important bacteria
Veterinary bacteriology


Species/Subspecies: Staphylococcus hyicus subsp. (hyicus)
Etymology: Genus name: bunch of grape-like cocci (coccus means a grain or berry)
Species epithet: of pig
(Subspecies epithet: see Species epithet)
Significance:  [Very important]   
Old Species Name(s):Staphylococcus hyicus subsp. hyicus
Taxonomy:
Phylum
Firmicutes
Class
Bacilli
Order
Bacillales
Family
Staphylococcaceae 
Genus
Staphylococcus
Type Strain: D. Sompolinsky no 1 = ATCC 11249 = NCTC 10350.
Macromorphology (smell):
   
Medium sized (1-3 mm in diameter), white and opaque colonies, giving no hemolysis on blood agar.
Micromorphology: Cocci in clusters
Gram +/Gram -:
 
G+
Metabolism: Facultatively anaerobic
Catalase/Oxidase:+/-
Other Enzymes: Coagulase V (with rabbit plasma and horse plasma)
Biochemical Tests: Voges-Proskauer -
Fermentation of carbohydrates:
Staphylococcus hyicus  
D-glucoselactosemaltoseL-rhamnosesucrose
++--+
L-arabinosecellobioseD-mannitolsalicintrehalose
----+
glycerolinulinraffinoseD-sorbitolstarch
+?-??
Other carbohydrates: Mannose +.
Spec. Char.:
Disease:
HostsDiseaseClinical picture
PigsExudative epidermatis (greasy pig disease)Lesions in the skin that release an oily exudate which could progresses to the entire body. Could also cause bacteremia and sepsis in piglets. Older pigs can be affected especially during the growth period
CattlemastitisOne of the more uncommon causes of contagious mastitis
Genome Sequence:
Acc-noStrainSize (bp)Genome
CP008747.1 ATCC 11249T 2 472 129 1l + 0 

16S rRNA Seq.:
Acc-noStrainNumber of NTOperon
D83368 ATCC 11249T 1 476 

Taxonomy/phylogeny:
 
About 70 species and subspecies have been desribed within the genus Staphylococcus. S. hyicus is closely related to S. chromogenes as well as S. intermedius, S. pseudintermedius, S. delphini,S. schleiferi and S. felis.
Updated:2021-02-18

News

"Dear child has many names" (call it what you will...)

For a long time, Rhodococcus hoagii was refer­red to Rhodo­coccus equi on VetBact, because we experienced some resistance to the name that is now considered to be the correct one, i.e. Rhodococcus hoagii. Now you can find the bacterium in question under the correct name in VetBact, but you can also find the bacterium when searching for the old name. 

Published 2021-10-10. Read more...

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