Veterinary bacteriology: information about important bacteria
|Etymology:||Genus name: named after the French bacteriologist Amédée Borrel (1867-1936).|
Species epithet: named after the Swiss veterinarian Arnold Theiler, who is regarded as the father of veterinary medicine in South Africa.
|Significance:||Borrelia theileri is more important in tropical countries than in Sweden.
[Of minor importance]
|Type Strain:||There is no defined culture of this species.|
|Micromorphology:||Borrelia spp. have a planar flat-wave morphology.|
|Gram +/Gram -:||G-, but difficult to stain.|
|Vector:||African blue tick (Ripicephalus decoloratus) and some other closely related tick species.|
|Hosts:||Ruminants and horse.|
|Clinical Picture:||Fever and anemia.|
|16S rRNA Seq.:|
||About 40 species have been described within genus Borrelia and the species that have been included in VetBact form two monophyletic clusters. See Fig. 233:1.|