|Categories:||Causes hemolysis; spore forming; motile|
|Etymology:||Genus name: a small spindle. |
Species epithet: refers to the most sensitive host, the quail.
|Significance:||Important in USA, because the mortality in quails is high (up to 100%).
[Of minor importance]
|Type Strain:||72042 = ATCC 27770 = CCUG 21927.|
|Macromorphology (smell):||C. colinum forms verey small colonies on bloodagar (pinpoint to 0.5 mm in diameter). The colonies are greyish white to colourless and most strains are α-hemolytic.|
|Micromorphology:||Motile and peritrichous rods (1 x 3-4 µm), which appear singly or in pairs. C. colinum has ovala and subterminal spores.|
|Gram +/Gram -:||G+|
|Other Enzymes:||Eskulinase +, lecithinase -, tryptophanase - (= indol -).|
|Disease:||Enteritis (inflammation of the small intestine). In quails, the disease is simply called quail disease.
|Hosts:||Quails, turkeys, pheasants, grouse and chicken.|
|Clinical Picture:||Intestinal ulceration and sometimes liver nekrosis.|
|16S rRNA Seq.:|
|The revised taxonomy of the mollicutes|
The revised taxonomy of mollicutes (mycoplasmas) has now been introduced on VetBact, which means that many of the species have been given new genus names or moved to another higher taxon.Published 2021-11-25. Read more...