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Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences

Veterinary bacteriology: information about important bacteria
Veterinary bacteriology


Species/Subspecies: Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale
Etymology: Genus name: bird bacterium.
Species epithet: from the nostrils and windpipe.
Significance:  [Important]   
Taxonomy:
Phylum
Bacteroidetes
Class
Flavobacteria
Order
Flavobacteriales
Family
Flavobacteriaceae 
Genus
Ornithobacterium
Type Strain: LMG 9086 = ATCC 51463 = CCUG 23171
Macromorphology (smell):
Micromorphology: Short rods (0.2-0.9 x 1-3 µm).
Gram +/Gram -:G-
Metabolism: Facultatively anaerobic.
Catalase/Oxidase:-/+
Other Enzymes: DNase -, esculinase -, tryptophanase - (= indole -), ureas +.
Biochemical Tests: Citrate -, metyl red -, Voges-Proskauer +.
Spec. Char.:
Disease:Respiratory tract infections in among others chickens and turkey.
Hosts: Domestic chickens, turkeys, goose and duck, and a variety of wild bird species.
Clinical Picture: Impaired growth and increased mortality.
Diagnostics:PCR or culture
Genome Sequence:
Acc-noStrainSize (bp)Genome
NC_018016 DSM 15997T 2 399 175  

16S rRNA Seq.:
Acc-noStrainNumber of NTOperon
U87101 DSM 15997T 1462  

Taxonomy/phylogeny: Only one species has been described within the genus Ornithobacterium , which is relatively closely related to the genus Flavobacterium .
Updated:2020-06-04

News

The revised taxonomy of the mollicutes

The revised taxonomy of mollicutes (mycoplasmas) has now been introduced on VetBact, which means that many of the species have been given new genus names or moved to another higher taxon. 

Published 2021-11-25. Read more...

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