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Veterinary bacteriology: information about important bacteria
Veterinary bacteriology


Species/Subspecies: Mycoplasmopsis pulmonis
Category: Motile
Etymology: Genus name: similar to mycoplasma (fungus shaped).
Species epithet: of the lung.
Significance:  [Of minor importance]   
Alternative Species Name(s):Mycoplasma pulmonis
Taxonomy:
Phylum
Tenericutes
Class
Mollicutes
Order
Mycoplasmoidales
Family
Metamycoplasmataceae 
Genus
Mycoplasmopsis
Type Strain: PG34 = ATCC 19612 = NCTC 10139.
Macromorphology (smell): Forms small and very typical umbonated colonies ("fried egg appearance"), which can be observed in a microscope.
Micromorphology: Very small and pleomorphic or flask-shaped. This bacterium is motile and can glide on surfaces.
Gram +/Gram -:G-, but is normally not gram stained because the cells will then be fragmented.
Metabolism: Facultatively anaerobic. Energy source: glucose (pH is decreased).
Catalase/Oxidase:?/-
Spec. Char.: Lacks a cell wall.
Disease:Lung diseases
Hosts: Rodents
Clinical Picture:
Genome Sequence:
Acc-noStrainSize (bp)Genome
NC_002771 UAB CTIP 0 963 879 1c + 0 

16S rRNA Seq.:
Acc-noStrainNumber of NTOperon
AF125582 PG34T 1 468 

Taxonomy/phylogeny:
 
Mycoplasmopsis is the largest genus among mollicutes of veterinary importance and about 55 species have been described so far within this genus. See the phylogenetic tree (Fig. 33:1) where M can mean Mycoplasma, Mesomycoplasma, Metamycoplasma, Mycoplasmoides or Mycoplasmopsis.
Comment:Based on whole genome sequencing, the taxonomy of mycoplasmas has recently undergone a comprehensive revision. The new taxonomy is about to be introduced in VetBact, but it will still be possible to search for the alternative species names. Read more about the revised taxonomy of the mollicutes under the Term list of VetBact and see also reference 164 below.
Reference(s): No. 164
Updated:2021-11-25

News

The revised taxonomy of the mollicutes

The revised taxonomy of mollicutes (mycoplasmas) has now been introduced on VetBact, which means that many of the species have been given new genus names or moved to another higher taxon. 

Published 2021-11-25. Read more...

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