|Etymology:||Genus name: named after the Swiss ophthalmologist V. Morax. |
Species epithet: of cattle.
|Type Strain:||ATCC 10900 = CCUG 2133 = NCTC 11013.|
||Small, dry colonies (1-2 mm in diameter). A hemolyszon is usually produced on blodagar.|
|Micromorphology:||Small nonmotile coccoid rods (1.0-1.5 x 1.5-2.5 µm), which are sometimes approaching the shape of cocci (0.6-1.0 µm in diameter). Appear singly, in pairs or as short chains.|
|Gram +/Gram -:||G-|
|Other Enzymes:||DNase -, tryptophanase (indole) -|
|Fermentation of carbohydrates:||Members of the genus Moraxella does not ferment carbohydrates.|
|Vector:||Autumn fly (Musca autumnalis) and other fly species|
|Virulence Factors:||Q-pili, which give the bacteria adhesion capability to epithelial cells in the cornea. I-pili, which contribute to bacterial survival in the host animal.|
|16S rRNA Seq.:|
||About 20 species have been described within genus Moraxella and these species are related to members of the genus Acinetobacter.|
|The revised taxonomy of the mollicutes|
The revised taxonomy of mollicutes (mycoplasmas) has now been introduced on VetBact, which means that many of the species have been given new genus names or moved to another higher taxon.Published 2021-11-25. Read more...