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Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences

Veterinary bacteriology: information about important bacteria
Veterinary bacteriology


Species/Subspecies: Mycobacterium leprae
Category: Primarily of interest in human medicin
Etymology: Genus name: small fungus-like rod.
Species epithet: of leprosy.
Significance:  [Very important]   
Taxonomy:
Phylum
Actinobacteria
Class
Actinobacteria
Order
Corynebacteriales
Family
Mycobacteriaceae 
Genus
Mycobacterium
Type Strain: Ej definierad.
Macromorphology (smell):
Micromorphology: Acid-fast rods
Gram +/Gram -:G+ (but difficult to gram stain)
Metabolism: Aerobic
Catalase/Oxidase:
Spec. Char.: Even if M. leprae cannot be cultivated, it is regardes as a slow grower.
Disease:Leprosy
Hosts: Humans
Clinical Picture:
Genome Sequence:
Acc-noStrainSize (bp)Genome
NC_002677 TN 3 268 203  

16S rRNA Seq.:
Acc-noStrainNumber of NTOperon
X55587 Leprosy Tissue Bank 1485 

Taxonomy/phylogeny:
 
About 175 species have been described within genus Mycobacterium and this genus is closely related to Rhodococcus, Nocardia and Corynebacterium.
Comment:There is no type strain defined, because M. leprae cannot be cultivated on artificial media.
Updated:2020-11-05

News

The revised taxonomy of the mollicutes

The revised taxonomy of mollicutes (mycoplasmas) has now been introduced on VetBact, which means that many of the species have been given new genus names or moved to another higher taxon. 

Published 2021-11-25. Read more...

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