|Etymology:||Genus name: a helix shaped rod. |
Species epithet: of liver.
|Significance:||[Of minor importance]|
|Type Strain:||Hh-2 = ATCC 51448 = CCUG 33637.|
|Micromorphology:||Motile rod (0.2-0.3 x 1.5-5.0 µm), which is curved to spiral shaped, and has two bipolar flagella.|
|Gram +/Gram -:||G -|
|Other Enzymes:||Urease +|
|Fermentation of carbohydrates:||Helicobacter spp. can neither ferment nor oxidize carbohydrates. Exception: H. pylori, which can oxidize glucose to acetate.|
|Disease:||Chronic hepatitis, liver cancer (hepatocarcinoma) and inflammatory bowel disease.
|16S rRNA Seq.:|
||About 35 species have been described within the genus Helicobacter, and this genus is most closely related to Campylobacter, Arcobacter and Sulfurospirillum. H. hepaticus is closely related to H. canis and H. bilis.|
|The revised taxonomy of the mollicutes|
The revised taxonomy of mollicutes (mycoplasmas) has now been introduced on VetBact, which means that many of the species have been given new genus names or moved to another higher taxon.Published 2021-11-25. Read more...