|Etymology:||Genus name: named after the Swiss ophthalmologist V. Morax. |
Species epithet: of cattle.
|Type Strain:||ATCC 10900 = CCUG 2133 = NCTC 11013.|
||Small, dry colonies (1-2 mm in diameter). A hemolyszon is usually produced on blodagar.|
|Micromorphology:||Small nonmotile coccoid rods (1.0-1.5 x 1.5-2.5 µm), which are sometimes approaching the shape of cocci (0.6-1.0 µm in diameter). Appear singly, in pairs or as short chains.|
|Gram +/Gram -:||G-|
|Other Enzymes:||DNase -, tryptophanase (indole) -|
|Fermentation of carbohydrates:||Members of the genus Moraxella does not ferment carbohydrates.|
|Vector:||Autumn fly (Musca autumnalis) and other fly species|
|Virulence Factors:||Q-pili, which give the bacteria adhesion capability to epithelial cells in the cornea. I-pili, which contribute to bacterial survival in the host animal.|
|16S rRNA Seq.:|
||About 20 species have been described within genus Moraxella and these species are related to members of the genus Acinetobacter.|
|"Dear child has many names" (call it what you will...)|
For a long time, Rhodococcus hoagii was referred to Rhodococcus equi on VetBact, because we experienced some resistance to the name that is now considered to be the correct one, i.e. Rhodococcus hoagii. Now you can find the bacterium in question under the correct name in VetBact, but you can also find the bacterium when searching for the old name.Published 2021-10-10. Read more...