|Species/Subspecies:||Francisella tularensis subsp. tularensis|
|Categories:||Zoonotic; notifiable diseases and bacteria|
|Etymology:||Genus name: named after the American bacteriologist Edward Francis, who has studied tularemia.|
Species epithet: refers to Tulare county in California, where the disease was first described in rodents in year 1912.
Subspecies epithet: see Species epithet.
|Significance:||F. tularensis subsp. tularensis can only be found in North America.
|Alternative Species Name(s):||Yersinia tularensis|
|Type Strain:||B-38 = ATCC 6223.|
|Micromorphology:||Coccoid or short nonmotile rods.|
|Gram +/Gram -:||G-|
|Other Enzymes:||Tryptophanase - (= indole-), urease -.|
|Fermentation of carbohydrates:||Glucose +|
|Spec. Char.:||Optimal growth temperature: 37°C. Facultatively intracellular. May penetrate intact skin.|
|Vector:||Mosquitoes and ticks.|
|Virulence Factors:||The capsule can be a virulence factor.|
|16S rRNA Seq.:|
||Six species have been described within genus Francisella and this genus is related to Coxiella spp. and Legionella spp.|
|Legislation:||Tularemia is notifyable in Sweden. Francisella tularensis belongs to category A as a potential bioterrorism agent according to NIAID.|
|Comment:||F. tularensis subsp. tularensis is the most virulent subspecies.|
|The revised taxonomy of the mollicutes|
The revised taxonomy of mollicutes (mycoplasmas) has now been introduced on VetBact, which means that many of the species have been given new genus names or moved to another higher taxon.Published 2021-11-25. Read more...