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Veterinary bacteriology: information about important bacteria
Veterinary bacteriology


Species/Subspecies: Proteus vulgaris
Category: Motile
Etymology: Genus name: named after an ocean god (Proteus), who could transform himself into different shapes
Species epithet: common
Significance:  [Very important]   
Taxonomy:
Phylum
Proteobacteria
Class
Gammaproteobacteria
Order
Enterobacteriales
Family
Enterobacteriaceae 
Genus
Proteus
Type Strain: ATCC 29905.
Macromorphology (smell):
   
Swarms across the plate and gives no individual colonies. Has a characteristic odor.
Micromorphology: Small (0.5 x 1-3 µm) motile rod with peritrichous flagella
Gram +/Gram -:
 
G-
Metabolism: Facultatively anaerobic
Catalase/Oxidase:+/-
Other Enzymes: Urease +
Fermentation of carbohydrates:
D-glucoselactosemaltoseL-rhamnosesucrose
+-+(-)+
L-arabinosecellobioseD-mannitolsalicintrehalose
---vv
glycerolinulinraffinoseD-sorbitolstarch
v?--?
Gas and acid are formed during fermentation of glucose.
Spec. Char.:
Special Media:
Proteus vulgaris  Proteus vulgaris  
CLED agar is used to avoid that Proteus spp. are swarming. MacConkey agar can also be used to avoid that Proteus spp. are swarming, if NaCl is omitted from the medium.
Reservoir: Soil and water
Disease:Opportunist which belongs to the normal gut flora of animals and man. Can cause urinary tract infections and wound infections
Hosts: Different animal species (including man)
Clinical Picture:
16S rRNA Seq.:
Acc-noStrainNumber of NTOperon
DQ885257 (T) 1478  

Taxonomy/phylogeny:
 
Ten species have been described within genus Proteus and these are found in nature as saprophytes.
Comment:Swarms
Updated:2021-09-22

News

"Dear child has many names" (call it what you will...)

For a long time, Rhodococcus hoagii was refer­red to Rhodo­coccus equi on VetBact, because we experienced some resistance to the name that is now considered to be the correct one, i.e. Rhodococcus hoagii. Now you can find the bacterium in question under the correct name in VetBact, but you can also find the bacterium when searching for the old name. 

Published 2021-10-10. Read more...

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