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Veterinary bacteriology: information about important bacteria
Veterinary bacteriology


Species/Subspecies: Campylobacter upsaliensis
Categories: Motile; notifiable diseases and bacteria
Etymology: Genus name: a curved rod.
Species epithet: of Uppsala, where the bacterium was first described at the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU).
Significance:  [Important]   
Taxonomy:
Phylum
Proteobacteria
Class
Epsilonproteobacteria
Order
Campylobacterales
Family
Campylobacteraceae 
Genus
Campylobacter
Type Strain: C231 = ATCC 43954 = CCUG 14913 = NCTC 11541.
Macromorphology (smell):
 
Small pinpoint like colonies, which are non-hemolytic and swarm on moist agar.
Micromorphology: Curved or helical and motile rod (0.3-0.4 x 1.2-3.0 µm).
Gram +/Gram -:G-
Metabolism: Microaerophilic
Catalase/Oxidase:-/+
Other Enzymes: Hippuricase - (= hippurate -), urease -
Biochemical Tests: Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) +
Fermentation of carbohydrates: Campylobacter spp. can neither ferment nor oxidize carbohydrates.
Spec. Char.: Thermotolerant. Does not grow at 25°C, but at 42°C.
Reservoir: Dogs and cats
Disease:Enteritis
Hosts: Dog? cat? and humans?
Clinical Picture:
Diagnostics:Direct culture on selective media or culture after selective enrichment. Confirmation by MALDI-TOF, PCR or other molecular methods. Biochemical tests can also be used for confirmation.
16S rRNA Seq.:
Acc-noStrainNumber of NTOperon
L14628 CCUG 14913T 1 460  

Taxonomy/phylogeny:
   
About 25 species have been described within in the genus Campylobacter and some of these are further divided into subspecies. This genus is closely related to the following genera: Sulfurospirillum, Arcobacter and Helcobacter. C. upsaliensis is closely related to C. helveticus and C. avium.
Legislation:

In Sweden, human campylobacteriosis is notifiable to the Public Health Agency of Sweden.

Reference(s): No. 47
Updated:2020-09-27

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